Document Detail


The effect of prolonged skeletal muscle stretch-shortening cycle on recoil of elastic energy and on energy expenditure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6659989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The enhancement of performance in stretch-shortening exercises has been attributed to the recoil of elastic energy stored during the stretching phase. If the time between stretching and shortening (coupling time) is too long the stored elastic energy can be wasted. In the present study, coupling time was increased by asking ten male subjects to run on a treadmill at different speeds (2.2-5.2 m X s-1) using special soft shoes in addition to normal shoes. The results indicated that running with soft shoes required greater energy consumption than running with normal shoes except at slow speed (2.2 m X s-1). When the running speed was increased the extra energy consumed using soft shoes was parallelly enhanced (0.4 J X kg-1/step at 5.2 m X s-1). It was suggested that the effect of coupling time as limiting factor for recoil of elastic energy was relevant in fast twitch (FT) fibers, which were progressively recruited when the running speed was increased. This is consistent to the fact that cross-bridge life time in FT fibers is very short, and therefore more sensitive to coupling time. At slow running speed (2.2 m X s-1) only slow twitch (ST) fibers were recruited and the enhancement of coupling time was not long enough to provocate detachment of cross-bridges of ST fibers, which possess a long cross-bridge life time. It was concluded that the different recruitment of ST and FT fibers influenced the pattern of recoil of elastic energy which was dependent on the running speed.
Authors:
C Bosco; H Rusko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  119     ISSN:  0001-6772     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol. Scand.     Publication Date:  1983 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-02-22     Completed Date:  1984-02-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370362     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Scand     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Elasticity
Energy Metabolism*
Humans
Male
Muscle Contraction*
Muscles / metabolism
Running*
Shoes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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