Document Detail

The effect of prenatal exposure to carbon monoxide on breathing and growth of the newborn guinea pig.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9432123     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In utero hypoxia may affect the development of the brain and result in altered respiratory responses postnatally. Using a barometric plethysmograph, we examined the effects of exposing pregnant guinea pigs to 200 ppm carbon monoxide (CO) for 10 h/d from d 23-25 of gestation until term (approximately 68 d) on the ventilatory responses of their 4-5-d-old neonates at rest, and during progressive asphyxia and steady state hypercapnia. Exposure to this concentration of CO produced significantly higher levels of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) in maternal (8.53 +/- 0.6% versus 0.25 +/- 0.1%) and fetal blood (13.0 +/- 0.4% versus 1.6 +/- 0.1%) from CO-treated animals when compared with controls. Hematocrit was significantly higher in the CO-treated neonates (46.3 +/- 1.0% versus 41.3 +/- 0.9%) at 5-6 d of age, although no difference existed between the groups for COHb at this time. There was no difference between the groups for length of gestation, litter size, or birth weight, but CO-treated neonates were significantly smaller at 4 d of age (102.4 +/- 3.7 g) compared with controls (132.0 +/- 5.0 g). At 4-5 d of age there was no difference between the groups for either tidal volume (VT), respiratory frequency (f), or minute ventilation (VE) at rest, but during steady state hypercapnia (4 and 6% CO2) the CO-treated neonates had a significantly greater VT and VE (but not f) than did controls. During progressive asphyxia, CO-treated animals had a significantly greater VT than did controls from 1-8% CO2. There was a significant fall in f at 1 and 3% CO2 in CO-treated animals; however, this effect did not persist, resulting in a significantly increased VE from 3 to 8% CO2. The inspiratory flow rate (VT/expiratory time) was significantly increased in the CO-treated neonates during progressive asphyxia; this occurred in the absence of a difference in inspiratory time between the groups. These results indicate that prenatal exposure to CO increases CO2 sensitivity in 4-5-d-old guinea pigs. This may be due to developmental alterations in the areas of the brainstem responsible for respiratory control.
H P McGregor; K Westcott; D W Walker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric research     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0031-3998     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Res.     Publication Date:  1998 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-18     Completed Date:  1998-02-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0100714     Medline TA:  Pediatr Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  126-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Newborn
Carbon Monoxide / toxicity*
Growth / drug effects*
Growth Disorders / congenital*
Guinea Pigs
Maternal Exposure*
Respiration / drug effects,  physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide

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