Document Detail

The effect of positive end-expiratory pressure during partial liquid ventilation in acute lung injury in piglets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10507621     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) application during partial liquid ventilation (PLV) on gas exchange, lung mechanics, and hemodynamics in acute lung injury. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, experimental study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Six piglets weighing 7 to 12 kg. INTERVENTIONS: After induction of anesthesia, tracheostomy, and controlled mechanical ventilation, animals were instrumented with two central venous catheters, a pulmonary artery catheter and two arterial catheters, and an ultrasonic flow probe around the pulmonary artery. Acute lung injury was induced by the infusion of oleic acid (0.08 mL/kg) and repeated lung lavage procedures with 0.9% sodium chloride (20 mL/kg). The protocol consisted of four different PEEP levels (0, 5, 10, and 15 cm H2O) randomly applied during PLV. The oxygenated and warmed perfluorocarbon liquid (30 mL/kg) was instilled into the trachea over 5 mins without changing the ventilator settings. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Airway pressures, tidal volumes, dynamic and static pulmonary compliance, mean and expiratory airway resistances, and arterial blood gases were measured. In addition, dynamic pressure/volume loops were recorded. Hemodynamic monitoring included right atrial, mean pulmonary artery, pulmonary capillary wedge, and mean systemic arterial pressures and continuous flow recording at the pulmonary artery. The infusion of oleic acid combined with two to five lung lavage procedures induced a significant reduction in PaO2/FI(O2) from 485 +/- 28 torr (64 +/- 3.6 kPa) to 68 +/- 3.2 torr (9.0 +/- 0.4 kPa) (p < .01) and in static pulmonary compliance from 1.3 +/- 0.06 to 0.67 +/- 0.04 mL/cm H2O/kg (p < .01). During PLV, PaO2/FI(O2) increased significantly from 68 +/- 3.2 torr (8.9 +/- 0.4 kPa) to >200 torr (>26 kPa) (p < .01). The highest PaO2 values were observed during PLV with PEEP of 15 cm H2O. Deadspace ventilation was lower during PLV when PEEP levels of 10 to 15 cm H2O were applied. There were no differences in hemodynamic data during PLV with PEEP levels up to 10 cm H2O. However, PEEP levels of 15 cm H2O resulted in a significant decrease in cardiac output. Dynamic pressure/volume loops showed early inspiratory pressure spikes during PLV with PEEP levels of 0 and 5 cm H2O. CONCLUSIONS: Partial liquid ventilation is a useful technique to improve oxygenation in severe acute lung injury. The application of PEEP during PLV further improves oxygenation and lung mechanics. PEEP levels of 10 cm H2O seem to be optimal to improve oxygenation and lung mechanics.
G Zobel; S Rödl; B Urlesberger; D Dacar; U Trafojer; A Trantina
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0090-3493     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  1999 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-15     Completed Date:  1999-10-15     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1934-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Graz, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Emulsions / administration & dosage*
Fluorocarbons / administration & dosage*
Positive-Pressure Respiration* / methods
Prospective Studies
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Random Allocation
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / therapy*
Respiratory Mechanics
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Emulsions; 0/Fluorocarbons
Comment In:
Crit Care Med. 1999 Sep;27(9):2058-60   [PMID:  10507658 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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