Document Detail


The effect of position and mattress on interface pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10701278     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this investigation was to determine which positions resulted in the lowest pressures to the skin of persons lying in bed. Pressures were recorded in 10 different lying positions on 2 mattresses in 62 healthy volunteers. The study revealed that the 30 degrees semi-Fowler position and the prone position resulted in the lowest interface pressures. The 30 degrees laterally inclined position had lower pressure readings than the 90 degrees side lying position; 90 degrees side lying position gives the highest pressure readings and thus should be avoided. A Tempur polyethylene-urethane mattress reduces interface pressures by 20 to 30% in comparison to a standard hospital mattress (12-cm-thick cold foam).
Authors:
T Defloor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied nursing research : ANR     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0897-1897     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Nurs Res     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-16     Completed Date:  2000-03-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8901557     Medline TA:  Appl Nurs Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-11     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Affiliation:
University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium. Tom.Defloor@RUG.AC.BE
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Beds / standards*
Body Surface Area
Clinical Nursing Research
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Polyethylene
Posture*
Pressure
Pressure Ulcer / etiology*,  nursing,  prevention & control*
Urethane
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-79-6/Urethane; 9002-88-4/Polyethylene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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