Document Detail


The effect of paternal smoking on the birthweight of newborns whose mothers did not smoke. Group Health Medical Associates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8092378     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined the relationship of paternal smoking habits to birthweight in a cohort of infants enrolled at birth (n = 1219). To assess validity of parental smoking reports, cord serum levels of cotinine were measured in 175 newborns. A mean birthweight deficit of 88 g was found in newborns of nonsmoking mothers whose fathers smoked more than 20 cigarettes/day. Only 2 of 138 newborns whose mothers said they were nonsmokers had cotinine levels indicating that their mothers were active smokers. Among infants of nonsmoking mothers, detectability of cotinine in cord blood was significantly correlated with the number of cigarettes smoked daily by fathers. These data suggest that fetal growth may be adversely affected when the mother is passively exposed to tobacco smoke during pregnancy.
Authors:
F D Martinez; A L Wright; L M Taussig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  1994 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-10-20     Completed Date:  1994-10-20     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1489-91     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Birth Weight*
Cotinine / blood
Fathers*
Female
Fetal Blood / chemistry
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Pregnancy
Smoking*
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL14136/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 486-56-6/Cotinine
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Am J Public Health. 1995 Aug;85(8 Pt 1):1169-70   [PMID:  7625526 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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