Document Detail

The effect of oxygenator mechanical characteristics on energy transfer during clinical cardiopulmonary bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20921084     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The hollow-fibre oxygenator is a key component of any extracorporeal circuit used to provide cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during open-heart surgery. Since the oxygenator is placed downstream of the pump, the energy losses over it have a direct impact on the quality of pulsatile pressure and flow waveforms. The objective of this study was to describe the effects of hydrodynamic characteristics of the oxygenator on energy transfer during pulsatile, normothermic CPB. Twenty-three adult patients scheduled for coronary bypass surgery were divided randomly into two groups, using either an oxygenator (Group 1) with a relatively high-resistance and low-compliance (2079 ± 148 and 0.00348 ± 0.00071 ml.mmHg(-1), respectively) or an oxygenator (Group 2) with a relatively low-resistance and high-compliance (884 ± 464 and 0.01325 ± 0.00161 ml.mmHg(-1), respectively). During perfusion, pre- and post-oxygenator pressures, radial artery pressure, and blood flow were recorded simultaneously. A 32% decline of mean pressure was observed in Group 1 and a 16% decline in Group 2 (p<0.0001). Another decrease by approximately 73% in mean pressure in the rest of the perfusion system was noted in both groups. The mean radial artery pressure did not differ between the groups (74 ± 6 mmHg in Group 1 and 73 ± 6 mmHg in Group 2, p=0.608). Although lower total energy transfer indices were noticed through the low-resistance oxygenator (Group 2), both oxygenators showed a decrease of the generated pump oscillatory energy of approximately 50%. Despite the differences in resistance and compliance of the hollow-fibre oxygenators used, both oxygenators cause a comparable loss of generated oscillatory energy. Exclusion of the oxygenator downstream of the pulsatile pump would improve energy transfer during CPB.
Y M Ganushchak; K D Reesink; P W Weerwind; J G Maessen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perfusion     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1477-111X     ISO Abbreviation:  Perfusion     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700166     Medline TA:  Perfusion     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht and Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
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