Document Detail

The effect of nutritional supplements on food intake in patients undergoing radiotherapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10382188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the effect of nutritional supplements on food intake in patients undergoing radiotherapy. DESIGN: Experimental prospective. SAMPLE: 40 newly diagnosed patients with cancer beginning external beam radiation therapy. METHODS: Weekly dietary counseling and recording of total daily dietary intake for three days a week for four weeks. One half of the subjects were randomly assigned to ingest a liquid nutritional supplement between meals and at bedtime. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Total daily protein and caloric intake, food-derived protein and caloric intake, and supplement-derived protein and caloric intake. FINDINGS: Subjects ingesting nutritional supplements between meals significantly increased their total caloric and protein intake above that of controls and did not reduce their food-derived caloric or protein intake compared to controls. CONCLUSIONS: Nutritional supplements can be used to increase total caloric and protein intake without causing a significant reduction in food intake. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: In this patient sample, supplements were not substituted for food intake. Further research is needed to determine the effects of supplements on appetite in patients with advanced cancer.
D McCarthy; D Weihofen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncology nursing forum     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0190-535X     ISO Abbreviation:  Oncol Nurs Forum     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-05     Completed Date:  1999-08-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809033     Medline TA:  Oncol Nurs Forum     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  897-900     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Dietary Supplements*
Energy Intake
Middle Aged
Neoplasms / nursing,  radiotherapy*
Oncologic Nursing*
Prospective Studies
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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