Document Detail


The effect of nutrition knowledge on dietary intake among Croatian university students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20102047     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intakes among university students. The students (264 males and 741 females) were asked to answer a validated General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire and to fulfil a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Gender, university status (freshmen, juniors, seniors) and eating arrangements (home, restaurants, self-cooking) were used as predictors of the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake. The findings indicated that women (p = 0.008), senior students (p < 0.001) and those who prepare food for themselves (p = 0.038) have higher nutrition knowledge scores. The assessment of nutrition knowledge had parallels in dietary intake, and adherence to the dietary recommendations was significantly associated with nutrition knowledge scores (p < 0.001). Regression analysis showed differences in daily intakes of grains (p < 0.001), meat and beans group (p < 0.001), vegetables (p < 0.001), fruits (p = 0.002) and oils (p < 0.001) in relation to all predictors. However nutrition knowledge acted as a modifier of the influence of eating arrangements. Logistic regression has shown that students with the highest nutrition knowledge are twelve times more likely to have a diet in accordance to recommendations compared to students with the lowest level of knowledge ([OR] = 12.03, 95% [CI] = 6.64-21.79, p < 0.001). The results support the value of including nutrition knowledge in health education campaigns targeting the student population with the aim of improving their dietary intake.
Authors:
Greta Kresi?; Gordana Kendel Jovanovi?; Sandra Pavici? Zezel; Olga Cvijanovi?; Goran Ivezi?
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Collegium antropologicum     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0350-6134     ISO Abbreviation:  Coll Antropol     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-27     Completed Date:  2010-03-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003354     Medline TA:  Coll Antropol     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1047-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Management, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia. Greta.Kresic@fthm.hr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Croatia
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Female
Food Habits*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Humans
Male
Nutrition Policy
Regression Analysis
Students

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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