Document Detail

The effect of nutrition knowledge on dietary intake among Croatian university students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20102047     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intakes among university students. The students (264 males and 741 females) were asked to answer a validated General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire and to fulfil a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Gender, university status (freshmen, juniors, seniors) and eating arrangements (home, restaurants, self-cooking) were used as predictors of the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake. The findings indicated that women (p = 0.008), senior students (p < 0.001) and those who prepare food for themselves (p = 0.038) have higher nutrition knowledge scores. The assessment of nutrition knowledge had parallels in dietary intake, and adherence to the dietary recommendations was significantly associated with nutrition knowledge scores (p < 0.001). Regression analysis showed differences in daily intakes of grains (p < 0.001), meat and beans group (p < 0.001), vegetables (p < 0.001), fruits (p = 0.002) and oils (p < 0.001) in relation to all predictors. However nutrition knowledge acted as a modifier of the influence of eating arrangements. Logistic regression has shown that students with the highest nutrition knowledge are twelve times more likely to have a diet in accordance to recommendations compared to students with the lowest level of knowledge ([OR] = 12.03, 95% [CI] = 6.64-21.79, p < 0.001). The results support the value of including nutrition knowledge in health education campaigns targeting the student population with the aim of improving their dietary intake.
Greta Kresi?; Gordana Kendel Jovanovi?; Sandra Pavici? Zezel; Olga Cvijanovi?; Goran Ivezi?
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Collegium antropologicum     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0350-6134     ISO Abbreviation:  Coll Antropol     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-27     Completed Date:  2010-03-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003354     Medline TA:  Coll Antropol     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1047-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Management, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Food Habits*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Nutrition Policy
Regression Analysis

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