Document Detail


The effect of nutrition on blood pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20645853     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The incidence and severity of hypertension are affected by nutritional status and intake of many nutrients. Excessive energy intake and obesity are major causes of hypertension. Obesity is associated with increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and sympathetic nervous systems, possibly other mineralcorticoid activity, insulin resistance, salt-sensitive hypertension and excess salt intake, and reduced kidney function. High sodium chloride intake strongly predisposes to hypertension. Increased alcohol consumption may acutely elevate blood pressure. High intakes of potassium, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and protein, along with exercise and possibly vitamin D, may reduce blood pressure. Less-conclusive studies suggest that amino acids, tea, green coffee bean extract, dark chocolate, and foods high in nitrates may reduce blood pressure. Short-term studies indicate that specialized diets may prevent or ameliorate mild hypertension; most notable are the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, which is high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, and the DASH low-sodium diet. Long-term compliance to these diets remains a major concern.
Authors:
Vincenzo Savica; Guido Bellinghieri; Joel D Kopple
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of nutrition     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1545-4312     ISO Abbreviation:  Annu. Rev. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-21     Completed Date:  2010-10-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8209988     Medline TA:  Annu Rev Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-401     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Units of Nephrology and Dialysis, Papardo Hospital, University of Messina, 98168 Messina, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Diet, Reducing
Diet, Sodium-Restricted
Energy Intake
Fruit
Humans
Hypertension / diet therapy*,  etiology*,  prevention & control
Life Style
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
Obesity / complications*,  diet therapy
Vegetables

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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