Document Detail

The effect of music reinforcement for non-nutritive sucking on nipple feeding of premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20687305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this randomized, controlled multi-site study, the pacifier-activated-lullaby system (PAL) was used with 68 premature infants. Dependent variables were (a) total number of days prior to nipple feeding, (b) days of nipple feeding, (c) discharge weight, and (d) overall weight gain. Independent variables included contingent music reinforcement for non-nutritive sucking for PAL intervention at 32 vs. 34 vs. 36 weeks adjusted gestational age (AGA), with each age group subdivided into three trial conditions: control consisting of no PAL used vs. one 15-minute PAL trial vs. three 15-minute PAL trials. At 34 weeks, PAL trials significantly shortened gavage feeding length, and three trials were significantly better than one trial. At 32 weeks, PAL trials lengthened gavage feeding. Female infants learned to nipple feed significantly faster than male infants. It was noted that PAL babies went home sooner after beginning to nipple feed, a trend that was not statistically significant.
Jayne M Standley; Jane Cassidy; Roy Grant; Andrea Cevasco; Catherine Szuch; Judy Nguyen; Darcy Walworth; Danielle Procelli; Jennifer Jarred; Kristen Adams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric nursing     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0097-9805     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Nurs     Publication Date:    2010 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-06     Completed Date:  2010-09-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505804     Medline TA:  Pediatr Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  138-45     Citation Subset:  N    
Florida State University and Tallahassee Memorial HealthCare, Tallahassee, FL, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Clinical Nursing Research
Enteral Nutrition / methods,  nursing
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature* / physiology,  psychology
Intensive Care, Neonatal / methods
Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
Music Therapy / methods*
Neonatal Nursing / methods*
Referral and Consultation
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Sex Characteristics
Sucking Behavior* / physiology
Weight Gain

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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