Document Detail

The effect of music and multimodal stimulation on responses of premature infants in neonatal intensive care.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10085995     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To assess the benefits of lullaby singing and multimodal stimulation on premature infants in neonatal intensive care, 40 infants in a Level III Newborn Intermediate Care Unit were divided into control (n = 20) and experimental (n = 20) groups by pair matching on the basis of gender, birthweight, gestational age at birth and severity of medical complications. Participants met these project criteria: (a) corrected gestational age > 32 weeks; (b) age since birth > 10 days; and (c) weight > 1700 g. All participants had been referred for developmental stimulation by the medical staff. Experimental infants received reciprocal, multimodal (ATVV) stimulation paired with line singing of Brahms' Lullaby. Stimulation was provided for 15-30 minutes, one or two times per week from referral to discharge. Dependent variables were (a) days to discharge, (b) weight gain/day, and (c) experimental infants' tolerance for stimulation. Results showed that music and multimodal stimulation significantly benefited females' days to discharge and increased weight gain/day for both males and females. Both male and female infants' tolerance for stimulation showed marked and steady increase across the stimulation intervals with females' tolerance increasing more rapidly than males.
J M Standley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric nursing     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0097-9805     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Nurs     Publication Date:    1998 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-29     Completed Date:  1999-07-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505804     Medline TA:  Pediatr Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  532-8     Citation Subset:  N    
Center for Music Research, Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*,  psychology*
Intensive Care, Neonatal / methods*,  psychology*
Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
Music Therapy / methods*
Neonatal Nursing / methods
Physical Stimulation / methods*
Sex Characteristics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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