Document Detail


The effect of a multicomponent dual-modality exercise program targeting osteoporosis on bone health status and physical function capacity of postmenopausal women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20967679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Exercise is important for the prevention of osteoporosis and the reduction of fracture risk because it improves muscle mass and strength, besides improving balance. We evaluated the effect of a specific exercise program on bone mass and quality and physical function capacity in postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density.
METHODS: Participants (N = 125) underwent a bone mass (Dual X-ray Absorptiometry), bone quality (osteosonography), and physical functional capacity assessment. Fifty-eight of them took part in an 11-month exercise program (E), that included a multicomponent (strength, aerobic capacity, balance, joint mobility) dual-modality (on ground and in the water; alternating group and home-based exercise periods) exercise regimen. The others represented a control group (C) that did not exercise. After the exercise program all participants were reevaluated.
RESULTS: After the training program: femoral neck T-score significantly improved in E; C significantly decreased all bone quality (osteosonography) parameters, whereas E showed no differences; E significantly improved all the physical function capacity parameters, while most of them decreased or did not change in C.
CONCLUSIONS: A specific exercise program targeting osteoporosis improves physical function capacity, reduces physiological bone loss, and maintains bone quality in low bone mineral density postmenopausal women.
Authors:
Silvia Tolomio; Andrea Ermolao; Alberto Lalli; Marco Zaccaria
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of women & aging     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1540-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  J Women Aging     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-22     Completed Date:  2011-02-01     Revised Date:  2012-05-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8916635     Medline TA:  J Women Aging     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  241-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Padova, Sports Medicine Unit, Padova, Italy. silvia.tolomio@unipd.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Bone and Bones / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Osteoporosis / prevention & control*
Postmenopause / physiology*
Program Evaluation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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