Document Detail

The effect of a multicomponent dual-modality exercise program targeting osteoporosis on bone health status and physical function capacity of postmenopausal women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20967679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Exercise is important for the prevention of osteoporosis and the reduction of fracture risk because it improves muscle mass and strength, besides improving balance. We evaluated the effect of a specific exercise program on bone mass and quality and physical function capacity in postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density.
METHODS: Participants (N = 125) underwent a bone mass (Dual X-ray Absorptiometry), bone quality (osteosonography), and physical functional capacity assessment. Fifty-eight of them took part in an 11-month exercise program (E), that included a multicomponent (strength, aerobic capacity, balance, joint mobility) dual-modality (on ground and in the water; alternating group and home-based exercise periods) exercise regimen. The others represented a control group (C) that did not exercise. After the exercise program all participants were reevaluated.
RESULTS: After the training program: femoral neck T-score significantly improved in E; C significantly decreased all bone quality (osteosonography) parameters, whereas E showed no differences; E significantly improved all the physical function capacity parameters, while most of them decreased or did not change in C.
CONCLUSIONS: A specific exercise program targeting osteoporosis improves physical function capacity, reduces physiological bone loss, and maintains bone quality in low bone mineral density postmenopausal women.
Silvia Tolomio; Andrea Ermolao; Alberto Lalli; Marco Zaccaria
Related Documents :
9681539 - Wrist arthroscopy for the treatment of ligament and triangular fibrocartilage complex i...
14620789 - The female athlete triad: an emerging role for physical therapy.
16896509 - A 19-week exercise program for people with chronic stroke enhances bone geometry at the...
17705609 - Synchrotron x-ray studies of molecular liquid sni4.
8784169 - Osteoporosis prevention and treatment.
11730249 - Skeletal effects of exercise in men.
8824479 - Hepatic nucleotide triphosphate regeneration after hypothermic reperfusion in the pig m...
21523349 - The exercise programming preferences and activity levels of cancer patients undergoing ...
12148109 - Resistance training improves strength and functional measures in patients with end-stag...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of women & aging     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1540-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  J Women Aging     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-22     Completed Date:  2011-02-01     Revised Date:  2012-05-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8916635     Medline TA:  J Women Aging     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  241-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Padova, Sports Medicine Unit, Padova, Italy.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Bone and Bones / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Middle Aged
Osteoporosis / prevention & control*
Postmenopause / physiology*
Program Evaluation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Changes in plasma retinol of American kestrels (Falco sparverius) in response to dietary or in ovo e...
Next Document:  Exercise self-regulation among older women participating in a heart disease-management intervention.