Document Detail

The effect of melatonin implants on the response to the male effect and on the subsequent cyclicity of Rasa Aragonesa ewes implanted in April.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12137979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Rasa Aragonesa ewes were used to evalutate whether treatment with melatonin implants in spring could modify: (i) the response to the male effect in terms of oestrous behaviour and ovulation rate; and (ii) the maintenance of sexual activity and ovulation rate at medium term, i.e. over the next 306 days. On 12 April, 42 ewes were divided into two groups, with (M; n = 21) or without (C; n = 21) a subcutaneous implant containing 18 mg melatonin. On 17 May (day 0), three aproned rams were introduced to each group to induce a ram effect. Ewes were observed for oestrus daily. The rams were removed 40 days later after which one aproned ram was introduced daily. Oestrous detection continued until 28 February, 306 days after the first male-female contact. The ovulation rate was determined by endoscopy in the first three cycles after ram introduction and in September-October and January. Progesterone was assayed from blood samples taken on 6 May, 10 and from day 0 to day 22 after ram introduction. Luteal activity before ram introduction was seen in 33% (M) and 29 (C)% of the ewes, respectively. Significantly more M ewes showed oestrous behaviour during the first 40 days after ram introduction (M: 100%; C: 62%; P < 0.01). Similar differences were observed for ewes anovulatory at ram introduction (M: 100%, C: 47%; P < 0.01). These differences were maintained over the three oestrous cycles in both groups. Treatment with melatonin implants was without detrimental effect on cyclic functions in the following breeding season, after seasonal anoestrus. Melatonin treatment significantly increased (P < 0.05) the mean ovulation rate of the first (1.62 +/- 0.11 versus 1.31 +/- 0.13), second (1.78 +/- 0.15 versus 1.36 +/- 0.15) and third cycles (M: 1.73 +/- 0.12 versus C: 1.27 +/- 0.14). There was a significant interaction between the effects of cyclicity at day 0 and melatonin treatment on the ovulation rate in the first cycle (P < 0.05). The mean ovulation rates of both groups were similar at the beginning (September) and middle (January) of the subsequent breeding season. Overall, the results confirmed that melatonin implants, combined with the ram effect, improved the reproductive parameters of reduced-seasonality ewes during spring mating, without impairing sexual activity or ovulation rate during the subsequent breeding season.
O Zúñiga; F Forcada; J A Abecia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal reproduction science     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0378-4320     ISO Abbreviation:  Anim. Reprod. Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-24     Completed Date:  2002-10-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807205     Medline TA:  Anim Reprod Sci     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  165-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.
Departamento de Producción Animal y Ciencia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Zaragoza, Miguel Servet 177, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Drug Implants
Estrus / drug effects*
Melatonin / administration & dosage*,  blood
Ovulation / drug effects*
Progesterone / blood
Sexual Behavior, Animal / drug effects*
Sheep / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Drug Implants; 57-83-0/Progesterone; 73-31-4/Melatonin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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