Document Detail

The effect of maternal narcotic addiction on the newborn infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  339254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper presents a review of the literature on the effects of maternal narcotic addictions upon the foetus and newborn infant. Six children born to 'registered' narcotic addicts were studied, and particular attention was paid to any signs of narcotic withdrawal that might occur after birth. Although all the mothers took heroin or methadone regularly up to the time of delivery, minor physical signs which might have been considered part of the withdrawal syndrome occurred in only one baby. The absence of major withdrawal signs found in this study contrasts with previous findings. The reasons for these differences are discussed, and the implications of these observations for the management of the pregnant narcotic addict and her newborn infant are considered.
A H Ghodse; J L Reed; J W Mack
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological medicine     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0033-2917     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Med     Publication Date:  1977 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-02-18     Completed Date:  1978-02-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254142     Medline TA:  Psychol Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  667-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Abnormalities, Drug-Induced
Breast Feeding
Fertility / drug effects
Heroin Dependence / complications*
Infant Mortality
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / etiology*
Infant, Premature
Maternal-Fetal Exchange
Menstruation / drug effects
Methadone / pharmacology
Phenobarbital / therapeutic use
Pregnancy Complications*
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / drug therapy,  etiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
50-06-6/Phenobarbital; 76-99-3/Methadone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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