Document Detail


The effect of mannitol on cerebral blood flow.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3084719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of mannitol, given over different time periods, on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with intracranial aneurysms. Seven patients with unruptured aneurysms (Group I) and 16 patients with Grade I and II subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) (Group II) received 1.5 gm/kg/8 hrs of 20% mannitol intravenously over a 24-hour period. Seven other patients with unruptured aneurysms (Group III) received 1.5 gm/kg of mannitol over 8 hours only. The last seven patients with unruptured aneurysms (Group IV) received the same dose, but as an intravenous bolus. Over a period of 24 hours, the patients underwent serial measurements of rCBF, intracranial pressure (ICP), mean blood pressure (MBP), cardiac output, and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption (CMRO2). Mannitol, when given as a continuous intravenous infusion, increased rCBF significantly without increasing MBP or decreasing ICP. This increase was more pronounced in SAH patients. The effects of mannitol lasted for 18 hours when given over an 8-hour period only; however, when it was given as a bolus, the increase in rCBF lasted for 24 hours, cardiac output tended to increase, and the effect on CMRO2 was variable.
Authors:
J J Jafar; L M Johns; S F Mullan
Related Documents :
17288749 - Doppler ultrasonographic measurement of blood flow velocities in major cerebral arterie...
22400449 - Inner ear decompression sickness in compressed-air diving.
9452239 - Role of ferrous iron chelator 2,2'-dipyridyl in preventing delayed vasospasm in a prima...
20864839 - Pretruncal subarachnoid hemorrhage and high cerebral blood flow velocities with bevaciz...
16266059 - Controlled release of a nitric oxide donor for the prevention of delayed cerebral vasos...
18821009 - Dynamic alterations of cerebral pial microcirculation during experimental subarachnoid ...
19823729 - A simple sheath-flow microfluidic device for micro/nanomanufacturing: fabrication of hy...
6463149 - Fasciocutaneous vessels in the upper arm: application to the design of new fasciocutane...
15617739 - Relationship between hemoconcentration and blood coagulation responses to acute mental ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0022-3085     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  1986 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-06-02     Completed Date:  1986-06-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  754-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Cardiac Output / drug effects
Cerebrovascular Circulation / drug effects*
Humans
Intracranial Aneurysm / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Intracranial Pressure / drug effects
Mannitol / pharmacology,  therapeutic use*
Oxygen Consumption / drug effects
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
69-65-8/Mannitol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Differential diagnosis of CT-hypodense cranial lesions with indium-111-oxine-labeled leukocytes.
Next Document:  Cerebral effects of hypocapnia plus nitroglycerin-induced hypotension in dogs.