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The effect of low-dose marine n-3 fatty acids on the biosynthesis of pro-inflammatory 5-lipoxygenase pathway metabolites in overweight subjects: A randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22748976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have a variety of anti-inflammatory properties. This study evaluated the effect of n-3 PUFA in a low, but recommended cardioprotective dosage on the formation of 5-lipoxygenase pathway metabolites in overweight subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty subjects were randomized to 1.1g of n-3 PUFA or olive oil for 6 weeks. RESULTS: Leukotriene B(4) formation decreased by 14% in the n-3 PUFA group which proved to be significant within the group (p=0.005) but not between groups (p=0.25). The formation of 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) did not differ significantly between the groups. In the n-3 PUFA group, both 5-hydroxyeicosapentaenoic (5-HEPE) acid and leukotriene B(5) increased significantly compared to the control group (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we did not observe any significant net anti-inflammatory effect on the 5-lipoxygenase pathway from a daily supplement of 1.1g marine n-3 PUFA for 6 weeks.
Authors:
M S Nielsen; A Gammelmark; T Madsen; T Obel; I Aardestrup; E B Schmidt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2823     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802730     Medline TA:  Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Soendre Skovvej 15, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark.
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