Document Detail


The effect of left atrial-to-aortic assistance on infarct size.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  69505     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Left atrial-to-aortic (La-A) assistance is effective in supporting the failing circulation. This study evaluated its effect in salvaging ischemic myocardium in both large and small infarct models. In a control group, good correlation was shown between measurements of infarct size by ST-segment mapping at 20 minutes, triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining at 5 hours, and the distribution of radioactive microspheres (P less than 0.01). A servo controlled assist pump was used which controlled pump speed according to the left atrial pressure. This allowed greater degrees of bypass for prolonged periods with reduced risk of air embolism. La-A assistance reduced systolic left ventricular pressure, and reduced the pressure time index (P less than 0.05). La-A assistance did not reduce infarct size measured by ST-segment mapping in a large infarct model when instituted before occlusion or 20 minutes after occlusion. Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining, however, showed less severe and homogenous damage in the assisted group as compared to controls. Electron microscopy confirmed the patchy nature of the ischemia. In a small infarct model, La-A assistance reduced nST from 6.3 +/- 0.8 to 3.8 +/- 1.5 and ST from 4.9 +/- 0.6 to 2.7 +/- 0.9 (P less than 0.05). The endocardial to epicardial ratio in the ischemic area fell from 0.69 +/- 0.05 to 0.43 +/- 0.05 in the control group (P less than 0.05) and a similar fall occurred in the assisted groups. La-A assistance is thus effective in reducing myocardial ischemia in a small infarct model, but appears to be less effective in a large infarct model.
Authors:
H Laks; R A Ott; J W Standeven; J W Hahn; O M Blair; V L Willman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1977 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-09-29     Completed Date:  1977-09-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  II38-43     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Aorta, Thoracic
Assisted Circulation*
Cardiac Output
Disease Models, Animal
Dogs
Electrocardiography
Heart Atria
Microspheres
Myocardial Infarction / pathology*
Myocardium / pathology
Oxygen Consumption
Staining and Labeling
Tetrazolium Salts
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tetrazolium Salts

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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