Document Detail

The effect of lean growth rate on puberty attainment in gilts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12019619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two hundred sixteen prepubertal Genex Manor hybrid F1 gilts were used to determine the impact of lean growth rate on sexual development of gilts. This study was composed of two experiments (Exp. 1 and Exp. 2). In Exp. 1, at approximately 96 d of age and 54 kg weight, gilts were allocated with respect to growth rate and litter origin to one of two dietary treatments: 1) a diet formulated to maximize lean growth potential (LP; n = 84) or 2) a diet formulated to produce a lower lean growth rate (LL; n = 84). In Exp. 2, at approximately 88 d of age and 50 kg weight, gilts were allocated with respect to growth rate and litter origin to one of two dietary treatments: 1) a diet formulated to maximize lean growth potential (LP; n = 24) or 2) a diet formulated to restrict lean growth further than was achieved in LL in Exp. 1 (RL; n = 24). All gilts were fed treatment diets for ad libitum consumption and housed in groups of six. Weight, backfat depth and loin depth, and feed intake were measured weekly. Starting at 135 d of age, gilts received 20 min of direct daily exposure to a boar as a pen group for pubertal stimulation. Puberty attainment was determined as the day gilts first exhibited the standing reflex in response to contact with a boar. At pubertal estrus, body weight, backfat depth, and loin depths were recorded. Diet affected (P < or = 0.05) estimated fat-free lean gain (LP, 424 vs LL, 347 g/d, Exp. 1; LP, 397 vs RL, 376 g/d, Exp. 2) during the growth period (start to stimulation). However, age at puberty was not affected by diet (LP, 157.3 vs LL, 157.6, Exp. 1; LP, 166.7 vs RL, 167.3, Exp. 2) or overall lean growth at stimulation (P > or = 0.05 in both experiments), confirming that innate variability in sexual development of commercial genotypes, rather than growth performance, determines onset of sexual maturity. A negative correlation between age at puberty and growth rate from 50 kg until puberty (P < or = 0.05) (LP, r = -0.40, LL, r = -0.36, Exp. 1; LP, r = -0.64, RL, r = -0.48, Exp. 2) was a consequence of reduced lean tissue growth during the stimulation period in later-maturing gilts.
J L Patterson; R O Ball; H J Willis; F X Aherne; G R Foxcroft
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-21     Completed Date:  2002-10-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1299-310     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / growth & development
Age Factors
Body Composition
Body Weight / physiology
Energy Intake
Insulin / blood
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / analysis
Leptin / blood
Sexual Maturation / genetics,  physiology*
Swine / growth & development*,  physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Leptin; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 67763-96-6/Insulin-Like Growth Factor I

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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