Document Detail

The effect of including a series of isometric conditioning contractions to the rowing warm-up on 1000 m rowing ergometer time trial performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22266645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Rowing requires strength, power, and strength-endurance for optimal performance. A rowing based warm-up could be enhanced by exploiting the postactivation potentiation (PAP) phenomenon, acutely enhancing power output at the beginning of a race where it's needed most. Minimal research has investigated the effects of PAP on events of longer duration (i.e., 1000 m rowing). The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of PAP on 1000 m rowing ergometer performance through the use of two different warm-up procedures: 1) a rowing warm-up combined with a series of isometric conditioning contractions, known as the potentiated warm-up (PW), and 2) a rowing warm-up only (NW). The isometric conditioning contractions in the PW were performed by "pulling" an immovable handle on the rowing ergometer, consisting of 5 sets of 5s (2s at submaximal intensity, and 3s at maximal intensity), with a 15s recovery between sets. The 1000 m rowing ergometer time trial was performed after each warm-up condition, whereby mean power output, mean stroke rate, and split time were assessed every 100 m. Ten Australian national level rowers served as the subjects, and performed both conditions in a counterbalanced order on separate days. The PW reduced 1000 m time by 0.8% (p > 0.05). The PW improved mean power output by 6.6% (p < 0.01) and mean stroke rate by 5.2% (p < 0.01) over the first 500 m; resulting in a reduction of 500 m time by 1.9% (p < 0.01), compared to the NW. It appears that the inclusion of isometric conditioning contractions to the rowing warm-up enhance short-term rowing ergometer performance (especially at the start of a race) to a greater extent than a rowing warm-up alone.
Simon A Feros; Warren B Young; Anthony J Rice; Scott W Talpey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Departments / institutions: 1 School of Health Sciences, University of Ballarat, PO Box 663, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. 3353. 2 Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia. 2600.
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