Document Detail


The effect of immobilization on goat knees following reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3349687     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Significant patellofemoral chondromalacia was observed three months after operations on goat knees that had an excised anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) replaced and then were immobilized for six weeks with a rigid external pin and frame fixator. To determine if the patellofemoral morbidity rate could be reduced, another group of goats was treated with the same operation but without immobilization. The legs of the animals in the immobilized group had muscle weakness and the animals only occasionally used their legs for the next three to four weeks. The animals in the mobilized group protected the leg for only one to two days after surgery, and by ten to 12 days were actively moving the knee. Severe patellofemoral articular cartilage erosions occurred in the immobilized goats but not in the mobilized group. Postoperative immobilization was detrimental to the joint function and to a successful ACL reconstruction.
Authors:
J H Roth; H V Mendenhall; G K McPherson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical orthopaedics and related research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0009-921X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.     Publication Date:  1988 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-05-12     Completed Date:  1988-05-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0075674     Medline TA:  Clin Orthop Relat Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  278-82     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
Affiliation:
Division of Orthopaedics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cartilage Diseases / pathology,  prevention & control
Femur / pathology
Goats
Immobilization*
Knee Joint / pathology,  surgery*
Ligaments, Articular / pathology,  surgery*
Patella / pathology
Postoperative Complications / pathology,  prevention & control
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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