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The effect of hypercapnia on the sensitivity to flicker defined stimuli.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25232025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the effect of increased CO2 levels on flicker defined stimuli.
METHODS: The sensitivity of two flicker defined tasks was measured in nine healthy, trained observers using the Flicker Defined Form (FDF) stimulus of the Heidelberg Edge Perimeter (HEP; Heidelberg Engineering) and Frequency Doubling Technology (FDT) stimulus of the Matrix perimeter (Carl Zeiss Meditec) during normoxia and 15% hypercapnia (end-tidal CO2 increased by 15% relative to baseline). HEP-FDF and Matrix-FDT sensitivities were analysed for the global field, superior and inferior hemifields and at specific matched eccentricities, using repeated measures analysis of variance. The main effect of hypercapnia on flicker sensitivity was analysed using regression models.
RESULTS: Higher flicker sensitivity outcomes with increasing CO2 values were found for HEP-FDF and Matrix-FDT with a statistically significant main effect for HEP-FDF global, superior and inferior hemifields (p<0.01 for all) as well as 6°, 18°, 12° and 24° eccentricities (p=0.03, 0.04, 0.01, 0.05, respectively). When comparing mean sensitivity values between normocapnia and hypercapnia conditions, no statistically significantly different results were found for HEP-FDF and Matrix-FDT (p>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: As CO2 levels were increased in healthy young individuals, there was an associated increase in visual sensitivity that was only significant for HEP-FDF stimuli, highlighting the different mechanisms involved in processing each of HEP-FDF and Matrix-FDT stimuli. Mean visual sensitivity outcomes were found to be similar for normocapnia and hypercapnia suggesting that a capability to compensate for a mild and stable increase in systemic CO2 levels may exist.
Authors:
A M Shahidi; C Hudson; S R Patel; J G Flanagan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-2079     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421041     Medline TA:  Br J Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
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