Document Detail


The effect of glottal angle on intraglottal pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16454307     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Intraglottal pressure distributions depend upon glottal shape, size, and diameter. This study reports the effects of varying glottal angle on intraglottal and transglottal pressures using a three-dimensional Plexiglas model with a glottis having nine symmetric glottal angles and a constant minimal glottal diameter of 0.06 cm. The empirical data were supported by computational results using FLUENT. The results suggested that (1) the greater the convergent glottal angle, the greater outward driving forces (higher intraglottal pressures) on the vocal folds; (2) flow resistance was greatest for the uniform glottis, and least for the 10 degrees divergent glottis; (3) the greatest negative pressure in the glottis and therefore the greatest pressure recovery for diverging glottal shapes occurred for an angle of 10 degrees; (4) the smaller the convergent angle, the greater the flow resistance; (5) FLUENT was highly accurate in predicting the empirical pressures of this model; (6) flow separation locations (given by FLUENT) for the divergent glottis moved upstream for larger flows and larger glottal angles. The results suggest that phonatory efficiency related to aerodynamics may be enhanced with vocal fold oscillations that include large convergent angles during glottal opening and small (5 degrees - 10 degrees) divergent angles during glottal closing.
Authors:
Sheng Li; Ronald C Scherer; MingXi Wan; SuPin Wang; HuiHui Wu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  119     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-03     Completed Date:  2007-01-22     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  539-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, People's Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Glottis / anatomy & histology*,  physiology*
Humans
Models, Anatomic*
Phonation / physiology*
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Pressure
Vocal Cords / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 DC03577/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9011-14-7/Polymethyl Methacrylate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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