Document Detail

The effect of food deprivation on cigarette smoking in females.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18620816     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Food deprivation is associated with increased self-administration of nicotine and other substances in laboratory animals, although little is known about the effects of food deprivation on substance use in humans. A within-subjects design was utilized to test the primary hypotheses that smoking rate and expired carbon monoxide (CO) levels would be greater among 15 female participants following a 24-hour fasting period than when participants were not food-deprived. Food-deprived participants were also expected to endorse greater negative mood, smoking urges, and pleasure from smoking, as well as less positive mood. Analyses indicated that CO levels were significantly greater in the food-deprived condition than in the non-deprived condition (p=.05), although no differences were found in the number of cigarettes smoked during the laboratory session. Participants reported significantly lower Vigor-Activity in the food-deprived condition (p=.02). No differences were found between conditions in urges to smoke or pleasure from smoking. Findings suggest that nicotine intake may increase among females during acute food deprivation.
Darla E Kendzor; Lauren E Baillie; Claire E Adams; Diana W Stewart; Amy L Copeland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2008-06-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1873-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-11     Completed Date:  2009-05-14     Revised Date:  2014-09-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1353-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Breath Tests
Carbon Monoxide / analysis
Fasting / psychology*
Smoking / psychology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
R25 CA057730/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R25 CA057730-16/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R25T-CA57730/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
7U1EE4V452/Carbon Monoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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