Document Detail

The effect of fertility drugs and in vitro methods on the outcome of 106 triplet pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8243681     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of fertility drugs and IVF on the outcome of triplet pregnancies. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: A single university medical center. PATIENTS: One hundred six consecutive triplet pregnancies treated from 1984 through 1992. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The frequency of pregnancy loss, livebirths, and antenatal and neonatal complications was compared in spontaneous, clomiphene citrate (CC), menotropins, and IVF triplet pregnancies. RESULTS: Eighty-one of the 106 (76.4%) triplet pregnancies progressed beyond 25 weeks, comprising 6 of 7 (85.7%) spontaneous pregnancies, 13 of 16 (81.2%) CC induced, 44 of 56 (78.6%) menotropin induced, and 18 of 27 (66.6%) IVF gestations. There were no significant differences in the stillbirth and neonatal mortality rates according to the mode of conception. The mean gestational ages and the mean birth weights were similar in the four groups. The frequency of premature contractions, premature rupture of membranes, cesarean section, and neonatal complications were similar in the ovulation induction and IVF pregnancies. CONCLUSION: Triplet pregnancies after ovulation induction and IVF have a similar outcome.
S Lipitz; D S Seidman; M Alcalay; R Achiron; S Mashiach; B Reichman
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fertility and sterility     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0015-0282     ISO Abbreviation:  Fertil. Steril.     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-06     Completed Date:  1994-01-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372772     Medline TA:  Fertil Steril     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1031-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Clomiphene / therapeutic use
Embryo Transfer*
Fertilization in Vitro*
Fetal Death
Gestational Age
Menotropins / therapeutic use
Ovulation Induction*
Pregnancy Complications
Pregnancy Outcome*
Prospective Studies
Reg. No./Substance:
61489-71-2/Menotropins; 911-45-5/Clomiphene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Functional differentiation in progesterone secretion by granulosa versus cumulus cells in the human ...
Next Document:  Transrectal ultrasonography of infertile men.