Document Detail


The effect of farmed trout on cardiovascular risk markers in healthy men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20594395     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increased intake of marine long-chain n-3 PUFA (n-3 LCPUFA) may decrease the risk of CVD and reduce mortality by lowering serum TAG and blood pressure (BP). Furthermore, n-3 LCPUFA may affect novel CVD risk markers related to inflammation and vascular function. The objective of the present study was to examine the effect of farmed trout on novel and traditional CVD risk markers in healthy men, and to evaluate whether this was affected by the aquacultural feed regime. We performed a parallel, 8-week intervention study in which sixty-eight healthy male volunteers were randomised to consume either a daily meal with 150 g farmed trout raised on either marine or vegetable-based feed, or a reference meal containing 150 g chicken. Twenty-four hour BP, pulse wave velocity, augmentation index, fatty acid composition of erythrocyte (RBC), and concentrations of TAG, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, glucose, insulin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and other markers of inflammation were measured at weeks 0 and 8. RBC content of total n-3 LCPUFA, both EPA and DHA, was significantly higher among men consuming trout raised on marine feed compared with men consuming the vegetable-fed trout or chicken. The three intervention groups did not differ significantly with respect to any of the other outcome variables, although there were trends towards associations between the changes in RBC n-3 LCPUFA and those in BP and CRP. In the present study, we conclude that we could not confirm the fish oil-induced reduction in CVD risk markers after daily consumption of trout with high or low n-3 LCPUFA content. However, trout raised on vegetable-based feed had less pronounced impact on RBC n-3 LCPUFA status.
Authors:
Jesper Hallund; Birgitte Overgaard Madsen; Susanne H Bügel; Charlotte Jacobsen; Jette Jakobsen; Henrik Krarup; Jørgen Holm; Henrik H Nielsen; Lotte Lauritzen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-10     Completed Date:  2010-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1528-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Animal Feed
Animals
Aquaculture*
Biological Markers / blood*
Blood Pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases / blood,  prevention & control*
Chickens
Cholesterol / blood
Diet*
Food
Humans
Inflammation
Lipids / blood
Male
Meat / analysis
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Trout*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Lipids; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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