Document Detail


The effect of extended calving intervals in high-yielding lactating cows on milk production and profitability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11286412     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A field trial was conducted to examine the effect of extended calving interval (CI) on production and profitability of high yielding cows (n = 937). First insemination was performed at 154 and 93 d postpartum (pp), for treatment and control primiparous cows, respectively, and at 124 and 71 d pp for treatment and control multiparous cows, respectively. During the first experimental lactation, average daily value-corrected milk (VCM) yield was 28.5 and 27.7 kg/d of CI for treatment (n = 131) and control (n = 133) primiparous cows, respectively. No significant difference in average daily VCM yield (33.0 and 32.8 kg/d of CI) was found between treatment (n = 271) and control (n = 215) multiparous cows . In the first 150 d of the subsequent lactation, there were significant differences in milk and VCM production in favor of the treatment primiparous cows (41.4 vs. 39.7 kg of VCM/d) but no significant differences in the production of multiparous cows. Primiparous and multiparous cows with extended lactations were more profitable. During the first experimental lactation, there were advantages of $0.19 and $0.12/d of CI in the net returns for primiparous cows and multiparous cows with longer CI, respectively. When the economic analysis included the first experimental lactation plus the first 150 d of the subsequent one, the net return per day of CI was higher for cows with an extended voluntary waiting period: $0.21/d and $0.16/d for primiparous and multiparous cows, respectively. A delay of 60 d with respect to the usual voluntary waiting period in the beginning of inseminations of high yielding cows has economic advantages and allows the farmer an option for decisions regarding individual cows.
Authors:
R Arbel; Y Bigun; E Ezra; H Sturman; D Hojman
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0022-0302     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-04     Completed Date:  2001-10-18     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  600-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hachaklait Society for Veterinary Services in Israel, Tel Adashim. arbel01@netvision.net.il
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle / physiology*
Costs and Cost Analysis
Female
Insemination, Artificial / veterinary*
Lactation / physiology*
Milk / secretion*
Parity
Reproduction / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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