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The effect of estrogen administration during early pregnancy upon the survival of single implanted pig embryos.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22829621     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the present study, we investigated the influence of exogenous estrogen on the embryo survival after transfer into prepubertal gilts in which estrus had been induced. In the first experiment, estrus was induced in prepubertal gilts by the administration of 1,000 IU of eCG and 750 IU of hCG every 72 h. Several blastocysts were recovered on d 6 (d 0 = the day of hCG administration) and 1 embryo was transferred to the tip of 1 side of the uterine horn on d 6 (Control). In treated groups, after embryo transfer, 5 mg of estradiol benzoate (EB) was administered on d 11 (EB5mg-1), or d 11, d 13, and d 15 (EB5mg-3), or d 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 (EB5mg-5), or 20 mg of estradiol dipropionate (EDP) was administered on d 11 (EDP20mg-1), or d 11 and d 14 (EDP20mg-2). Autopsy examinations were performed on d 53 to d 60. Although non-treated gilts did not become pregnant, gilts in each of the estradiol-treated groups became pregnant. The highest pregnancy rate (77.8%: 7/9)was obtained with EDP20mg-2 (EDP20mg-2 > control: P < 0.05). In a second experiment, 1 blastocyst was transferred to prepubertal gilts and treated with EDP20mg-2. Pregnancy in recipient pigs was confirmed by ultrasonography and pigs were allowed to farrow. Embryo survival rate was high on d 30 of pregnancy (75%: 9/12) but had a tendency (P = 0.10) to decline from d 30 to delivery (33.3%: 4/12). In a third experiment, prepubertal gilts were administered 5mg of EDP on d 11 (EDB5mg-1), and d 11 and d 14 (EDP5mg-2). Autopsy examinations were performed on d 53 to d 58. Pseudopregnancy rate was high with EDP5mg-2 (63.6%: 7/11) compared with EDP5mg-1 (0%: 0/11; P < 0.05). In a fourth experiment, prepubertal gilts were transferred 1 blastocyst and treated with EDP5mg-2. Pregnancy was confirmed in recipient pigs by ultrasonography and pigs were subsequently allowed to farrow. Embryo survival rate remained unchanged from d 30 of pregnancy to delivery (66.7 %; 8/12). One piglet died from dystocia, and 1 suffered from deformity involving double-breasted hooves and died 6 d after birth. There was no difference (P > 0.05) in survival rate on d 30 of pregnancy and weaning (50%: 6/12). Weight at birth and at weaning did not differ from that reported in previous studies. In conclusion, this study showed that EDP5mg-2 treatment during early pregnancy leads to full-term development of a single embryo.
Authors:
T Kawarasaki; S Enya; Y Otsu
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3163     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Swine and Poultry Research Center, Shizuoka Prefectural Research Institute of Animal Industry, Kikugawa, Shizuoka, 439-0037, Japan.
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