Document Detail


The effect of enhanced hygiene practices on absences due to infectious diseases among children in day care centers in Helsinki.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15007735     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of contagious diseases among children attending day care centers (DCCs) is high. The possibility of reducing absences due to infections with an infection prevention program was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intervention study was conducted as an open, controlled cluster study. It included 60 municipal DCCs in one of the seven districts of the City of Helsinki; 228 DCCs in the other six districts served as controls. The main indicator was the occurrence of absences due to upper respiratory tract infections, otitis media, eye infection and diarrhea per child-month. RESULTS: The intervention reduced the absences due to infections by 26% among under 3-year olds, but not among older children. The same phenomenon was observed when similar paired random control DCCs were compared with the intervention DCCs. CONCLUSION: Effective prevention of absences due to infections is possible among under 3-year olds by implementing a simple and inexpensive infection control program.
Authors:
A Pönkä; T Poussa; M Laosmaa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infection     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0300-8126     ISO Abbreviation:  Infection     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-09     Completed Date:  2004-04-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0365307     Medline TA:  Infection     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Environmental Health, Environment Center, City of Helsinki, Helsinginkatu 24, HYPERLINKFIN-00530, Helsinki, Finland. antti.ponka@hel.fi
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Distribution
Child Day Care Centers*
Child, Preschool
Cluster Analysis
Communicable Disease Control*
Communicable Diseases / epidemiology*
Conjunctivitis / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Diarrhea / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Female
Finland / epidemiology
Humans
Hygiene*
Incidence
Infant
Intervention Studies
Male
Otitis Media / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Primary Prevention / methods
Probability
Reference Values
Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Sex Distribution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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