Document Detail

The effect of emotional support on maternal oxytocin levels in labouring women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9720828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The presence of a supportive companion to women in labour has been found to reduce the duration of labour and the incidence of oxytocin augmentation. The mechanism which produces this improvement is unknown but work in animals suggests that environmental disturbance produces changes in endogenous oxytocin secretion. This study was carried out to assess maternal oxytocin secretion in relation to the presence of a supportive companion in labour. STUDY DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial involving allocation of unsupported women in the first stage of labour to a period of 1 h with a supportive companion or 1 h without. Sixteen women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies who were in the active phase of the first stage of labour were studied. Maternal oxytocin levels were assayed by radioimmunoassay for 16 min (eight specimens) before and after the support or control period. RESULTS: There are no differences between maternal oxytocin levels in the two groups of patients. There was no difference in either of the two groups between the oxytocin levels pre and post the support/control period. CONCLUSIONS: One hour of birth support in the first stage of labour did not improve maternal oxytocin levels when compared to a control group.
S W Lindow; M S Hendricks; J W Thompson; Z M van der Spuy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0301-2115     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.     Publication Date:  1998 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-10-29     Completed Date:  1998-10-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375672     Medline TA:  Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  127-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Groot Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Affective Symptoms / blood
Labor, Obstetric / blood*
Oxytocin / blood*
Reg. No./Substance:

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