Document Detail

The effect of dual-task functional exercises on postural balance in adolescents with intellectual disability - a preliminary report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25270307     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Purpose: The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an original intervention programme of unstable surface dual-task functional exercises on postural stability in adolescents with intellectual disability (ID). Methods: A total of 34 adolescents with ID, aged 14-16 years, were engaged in our study. A 17-person experimental group (E) took part in a 12-week intervention programme which consisted of unstable surface functional exercises, designed after activities of daily living (ADLs). Another group of 17 youngsters constituted a control group (C). Within a span of 12 weeks, the postural stability assessment was conducted twice in both groups, employing a stabilometric platform ALFA AC International East. Results: After taking part in the intervention programme, the experimental group (E) improved all their scores (p < 0.05). The path length of the COG and the time in which the dynamic test was performed were shorter in the experimental group (E), while the control group (C) scored worse in comparison with their initial results. Conclusions: A distinctly positive effect of unstable-surface dual-task functional exercises on postural stability in individuals with ID was also revealed in our tests. Implications for Rehabilitation Rehabilitation of intellectually disabled persons should be carried out individually and contain ADL-based exercises. The use of unstable surfaces, making the above training more difficult, naturally stimulates the trainee to focus more closely on the task being performed. Implementation of dual-task exercises, consisting in compiling functional tasks with balance training, in the intervention programme for adolescents with ID is likely to improve efficiency of their everyday living and the quality of their lives.
Edyta Mikolajczyk; Agnieszka Jankowicz-Szymanska
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Disability and rehabilitation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-5165     ISO Abbreviation:  Disabil Rehabil     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-2    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9207179     Medline TA:  Disabil Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-6     Citation Subset:  -    
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