Document Detail


The effect of distraction on focal attention in paranoid and non-paranoid schizophrenic patients compared to normals and non-psychotic psychiatric patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7187687     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous research comparing the performance of schizophrenics and normals in neutral and distractor conditions has indicated that schizophrenics are more vulnerable to distraction. The present study was designed to clarify whether schizophrenics are more distractible than normals and non-psychotic psychiatric patients when the distractor conditions are matched with the neutral conditions for discriminating power and to determine whether paranoid and non-paranoid paranoid schizophrenics, eight non-psychotic psychiatric patients, and 20 normals were tested using neutral and distractor digit-span tests. The results do not support the hypothesis of a differential deviation in all schizophrenics with respect to distractibility. However, significant differences were found between paranoid and non-paranoid schizophrenics; the paranoid, in contrast to the non-paranoid schizophrenics, did not appear to be vulnerable to distraction under the conditions of this experiment.
Authors:
B R Rund
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychiatric research     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0022-3956     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychiatr Res     Publication Date:    1982-1983
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-02-14     Completed Date:  1984-02-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376331     Medline TA:  J Psychiatr Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  241-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention*
Humans
Mental Disorders / psychology*
Psychological Tests
Schizophrenia, Paranoid / psychology*
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Speech Perception

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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