Document Detail


The effect of decortication and extrusion on the digestibility of sorghum by preschool children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6413665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of decortication and extrusion on the apparent protein quality and digestibility of sorghum (S. vulgare) was evaluated in comparative balance studies in nine children 7-24 months of age. Sorghum provided (as kilocalories) 8% protein and 62% carbohydrate in the study diet. Lysine was supplemented to 3% of protein. Casein provided 6.4% protein kilocalories in the control diet. A mixture of sucrose, dextrimaltose and cornstarch provided carbohydrate. Both diets contained 30% fat kilocalories as soybean-cottonseed oil blend. Balance studies were carried out during the last 6 days of three 9-day dietary periods: control-sorghum-control. Apparent N absorption from sorghum was 81 +/- 4% and did not differ from control. Apparent N retention, 21 +/- 6%, was expectedly lower than the preceeding control (27 +/- 8%, P less than 0.05) and following control (33 +/- 7%, P less than 0.01) values. The control values differed significantly from each other (P less than 0.05). Fecal weights and energy losses showed only minor differences between the two diets. These data contrast sharply with previous results obtained with whole-grain sorghum and suggest that the use of decortication and low cost extrusion processing can markedly improve the apparent protein quality and digestibility of sorghum.
Authors:
W C MacLean; G López de Romaña; A Gastañaduy; G G Graham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  113     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1983 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-11-23     Completed Date:  1983-11-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2071-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Caseins / administration & dosage
Cereals*
Child, Preschool
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Digestion*
Flour
Food Handling*
Humans
Infant
Lysine / administration & dosage
Nitrogen / metabolism
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD 10111/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Caseins; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Proteins; 56-87-1/Lysine; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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