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The effect of copper on different phototrophic microorganisms determined in vivo and at cellular level by confocal laser microscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23138333     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Microbial mats are coastal ecosystems that consist mainly of cyanobacteria, primary producers in these habitats that play an important role in stabilising delta sediments. However, these ecosystems are subject to various kinds of pollution, including metal contamination, placing their survival at risk. Among heavy metals, copper is an essential metal at low doses and toxic at high doses. This metal is present in different pesticides used in rice production, a thriving agro-industry in the Ebro Delta (Spain). For several years, our group has been studying the Ebro Delta microbial mats and has developed a method for determining the effect that metals cause on cyanobacteria populations. This method is based on confocal laser microscopy coupled to a spectrofluorometer, which rapidly provides simultaneous three-dimensional information on photosynthetic microorganisms and their fluorescence spectra profiles. The current study determines the copper effect on different photosynthetic microorganisms from culture collection (Chroococcus sp. PCC 9106 and Spirulina sp. PCC 6313) and isolated from the environment (Microcoleus-like and the microalga DE2009). Comparing all results obtained it can be observed that the minimum dose of Cu that is capable of significantly altering chlorophyll a (chl a) fluorescence intensity were 1 × 10(-7) M in Chroococcus sp. PCC 9106; 1 × 10(-7) M in Spirulina sp. PCC 6313; 3 × 10(-7) M in Microcoleus and 5 × 10(-6) M in the microalga DE2009. Moreover, the sensitivity of the technique used was 1 × 10(-7) M.
Authors:
M Seder-Colomina; A Burgos; J Maldonado; A Solé; I Esteve
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology (London, England)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-3017     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecotoxicology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9885956     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Departament de Genètica i Microbiologia, Facultat de Biociències, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Cerdanyola del Vallès (Bellaterra), Barcelona, Spain.
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