Document Detail

The effect of contingent music to increase non-nutritive sucking of premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12026338     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study assessed music as reinforcement for non-nutritive sucking of 12 premature infants born at an average gestation of 29.3 weeks and an average birthweight of 1111.9 g. At the time of the study, the infants' average post conception age was 35.5 weeks, and their average weight was 1747.3 g. A pacifier was fitted with a pressure transducer so that a sufficient suck activated frequency and duration signals as well as 10 seconds of recorded music consisting of lullabies sung by female vocalists. A 14-minute ABAB study design included a silence baseline for 2 minutes, 5 minutes of contingent music, 2 minutes of silence, and 5 minutes of contingent music. Frequency data were recorded for each 5-second interval in which the duration light was activated for at least 3 seconds. Results demonstrated that sucking rates during the periods of contingent music were 2.43 times greater than baseline (silence) sucking rates. In this study, music contributed significantly to the development of non-nutritive sucking of premature infants.
J M Standley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric nursing     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0097-9805     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Nurs     Publication Date:    2000 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-24     Completed Date:  2002-07-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505804     Medline TA:  Pediatr Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  493-5, 498-9     Citation Subset:  N    
Center for Music Research, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / nursing*
Intensive Care, Neonatal
Music Therapy*
Sucking Behavior*
Token Economy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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