Document Detail


The effect of conation in determining the differential variance among brain-damaged and nonbrain-damaged persons across a broad range of neuropsychological tests.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16297595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Conation, or the ability to apply one's abilities purposefully, persistently and effectively as required by the task at hand, has been considered historically to be an important element of psychology, but has been relatively neglected in clinical neuropsychology. Nevertheless, conation may well be a significant missing variable in predicting a person's success in practical situations based on neuropsychological test scores. This study listed 19 tests from the Halstead-Reitan battery in order of their predicted dependence on conation. Differences between a brain-damaged group and a control group were determined through computation of t-ratios. The rank-ordering of the 19 tests according to their requirement of conation and the magnitude of the t-ratios were closely correlated, yielding a rank-difference coefficient of 0.84. These results suggest that conation is a strong factor in determining differential performances on neuropsychological tests. Further research is required to identify the role of conation in determining the ecological validity of neuropsychological test results.
Authors:
Ralph M Reitan; Deborah Wolfson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0887-6177     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Clin Neuropsychol     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-22     Completed Date:  2006-02-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9004255     Medline TA:  Arch Clin Neuropsychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  957-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Reitan Neuropsychology Lab, P.O. Box 66080, Tucson, AZ 85728-6080, USA. reitanlabs@aol.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Aptitude*
Brain Diseases / psychology*
Case-Control Studies
Drive*
Empirical Research
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Problem Solving
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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