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The effect of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia versus general anesthesia on the recovery time of intestinal function in young infants undergoing intestinal surgery: a randomized, prospective, controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22762977     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate of restoration of gastrointestinal (GI) function following combined spinal-epidural (CSE) anesthesia compared with general anesthesia in young infants undergoing elective intestinal surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING: Operating room and neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital. SUBJECTS: 50 young infants undergoing elective intestinal surgery. INTERVENTIONS AND MEASUREMENTS: 50 young infants were randomly allocated to two groups of 25 patients each, a general anesthesia group and a CSE anesthesia group. The two groups were further divided into two subgroups according to whether the surgical procedure was performed on the small or large intestine. The main outcome of this study was to measure the recovery times of GI function by determining the time to the first postoperative stool, duration of nasogastric feeding, and onset time of full enteral nutrition. The secondary outcome was to detect adverse events postoperatively. MAIN RESULTS: Recovery of intestinal function was faster (P < 0.0001) and the frequencies of postoperative abdominal distension and pneumonia were less (P < 0.04) in infants who were anesthetized with CSE anesthesia than general anesthesia. CONCLUSIONS: Combined spinal-epidural anesthesia leads to faster restoration of GI function while reducing adverse events in infants who require elective intestinal surgery.
Authors:
Mostafa Somri; Ibrahim Matter; Constantinos A Parisinos; Ron Shaoul; Jorge G Mogilner; David Bader; Eldar Asphandiarov; Luis A Gaitini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4529     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8812166     Medline TA:  J Clin Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, the Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel.
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