Document Detail


The effect of chronic low-dose UVB radiation on Langerhans cells, sunburn cells, urocanic acid isomers, contact hypersensitivity and serum immunoglobulins in mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7480139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
C3H mice were irradiated three times a week for up to 6 weeks with either 500 J/m2 or 1000 J/m2 broadband UVB (270-350 nm) or 3000 J/m2 narrowband UVB (311-312 nm; TL01 source). Each dose was suberythemal to the mouse strain used. The number of Langerhans cells (LC) in the epidermis was reduced by over 50% after 2 weeks of irradiation with the UVB source and by 20% following TL01 irradiation. Continued irradiation for up to 6 weeks resulted in no further decrease in LC numbers in the case of the UVB source but a steady decline to 40% in the case of the TL01 source. Sunburn cells were detected following irradiation with both sources but the numbers were very low in comparison with acute exposure. Ultraviolet-B exposure resulted in doubling of the thickness of the epidermis throughout the 6 weeks of irradiation while TL01 exposure did not alter epidermal thickness. Conversion of trans- to cis-urocanic acid (UCA) was observed with both UVB and TL01 sources. The percentage of cis-UCA started to return to normal after 4 weeks of TL01 exposure despite continued irradiation. As observed following a single exposure, the contact hypersensitivity (CH) response was significantly reduced following 6 weeks of UVB irradiation but was unaffected by TL01 exposure, indicating no correlation between cis-UCA levels and CH response. Total serum immunoglobulin levels remained unchanged throughout the 6 weeks of UVB or TL01 irradiation but IgE titers significantly increased in all cases in the first 2 weeks of irradiation, indicating a possible shift to a TH2 cytokine profile.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
A A el-Ghorr; M Norval; M B Lappin; J C Crosby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Photochemistry and photobiology     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0031-8655     ISO Abbreviation:  Photochem. Photobiol.     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-11-28     Completed Date:  1995-11-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376425     Medline TA:  Photochem Photobiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  326-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Edinburgh Medical School, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Immunoglobulins / blood*
Isomerism
Langerhans Cells / radiation effects*
Male
Mice
Mice, Inbred C3H
Skin / cytology,  radiation effects*
Sunburn / pathology*
Time Factors
Ultraviolet Rays*
Urocanic Acid / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Immunoglobulins; 104-98-3/Urocanic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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