Document Detail


The effect of childhood obesity on respiratory function tests and airway hyperresponsiveness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16562785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of exogenous obesity on respiratory function tests, to define the relationship between the severity of obesity and respiratory function test parameters, and to detect the incidence of airway hyperresponsiveness and exercise-induced bronchospasm in an obese study group. This cross-sectional controlled study was done with 38 exogenous obese patients, aged 9 to 15 years, and 30 healthy children. Basal respiratory function test parameters were measured with spirometry. To display airway hyperresponsiveness, 4.5% hypertonic saline provocation test was used; exercise-induced bronchospasm incidence was defined with bicycle ergometry. Basal respiratory function test parameters were lower in the study group as compared with the control group. Exercise test was positive in 31.6% of the obese group and in 3.3% of the control group (P = 0.003). The provocation test with hypertonic saline test was positive in 18.4% of the obese group. There were strong negative correlations between body mass index (BMI), relative weight, skin fold thickness, waist/hip circumference ratio and basal forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and peak expiratory flow (PEF) values. The diagnosis and management of exercise-induced bronchospasm may improve exercise performance and physical activity, assist with weight loss, and break the vicious circle.
Authors:
Zülal Ulger; Esen Demir; Remziye Tanaç; Damla Gökşen; Figen Gülen; Sükran Darcan; Demet Can; Mahmut Coker
Related Documents :
18602635 - Caloric restriction alone and with exercise improves cvd risk in healthy non-obese indi...
19494705 - The energy cost of cycling and aerobic performance of obese adolescent girls.
10546695 - Effects of intermittent exercise and use of home exercise equipment on adherence, weigh...
16779465 - Altered respiratory physiology in obesity.
15061395 - Non-fatal systemic reactions to subcutaneous immunotherapy: a 20-year experience compar...
11937235 - Risk factors for stillbirths in two swine farms in the south of brazil.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Turkish journal of pediatrics     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0041-4301     ISO Abbreviation:  Turk. J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:    2006 Jan-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-27     Completed Date:  2006-04-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417505     Medline TA:  Turk J Pediatr     Country:  Turkey    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / epidemiology
Bronchial Hyperreactivity / physiopathology*
Child
Comorbidity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise Test
Female
Humans
Male
Obesity / epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Respiratory Function Tests
Skinfold Thickness
Spirometry
Waist-Hip Ratio

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Erythema nodosum in childhood: evaluation of ten patients.
Next Document:  Urinary tract infection and hyperbilirubinemia.