Document Detail

The effect of chewing gum on tobacco withdrawal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9426794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
When smokers are in situations where smoking is prohibited, chewing gum is believed to reduce cravings to smoke. However, there is little scientific evidence to support this widely held assumption. The present study assessed craving for a cigarette and nicotine withdrawal in 20 dependent cigarette smokers under one of two conditions. All subjects smoked an initial cigarette upon arrival to the experimental session and were informed that they would not be allowed to smoke for the remainder of the session. The session consisted of each subject watching a movie, then waiting an additional 30 minutes. Half of the subjects were assigned to a Gum Condition where they were given free access to chewing gum throughout the experimental session; half were assigned to a No-Gum Control. Nicotine withdrawal was assessed immediately following the movie (Time 1) and again 30 minutes later (Time 2). Results from this study indicate that chewing gum reduces craving and helps with withdrawal when a nicotine-dependent person cannot smoke.
L M Cohen; F L Collins; D M Britt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:    1997 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-10     Completed Date:  1998-03-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  769-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Chewing Gum*
Nicotine / adverse effects*
Nicotinic Agonists / adverse effects*
Severity of Illness Index
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / diagnosis,  therapy*
Time Factors
Tobacco Use Disorder / therapy*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chewing Gum; 0/Nicotinic Agonists; 54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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