Document Detail


The effect of breed and intrauterine crowding on fetal erythropoiesis on day 35 of gestation in swine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12968711     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a previous report, it was suggested that intrauterine crowding impaired fetal erythropoiesis and that fetal erythropoiesis was accelerated in Meishan pigs during early pregnancy. Because these conclusions were based on limited numbers of observations, the present experiment was undertaken to provide a more extensive investigation of these phenomena. Intact white crossbred gilts, unilaterally hysterectomized-ovariectomized (UHO) white crossbred gilts, and intact Meishan gilts (n = 13 to 16 per group) were mated after at least one estrous cycle of normal duration (17 to 23 d). Gilts were laparotomized at d 35 of pregnancy, the uterine horns were exteriorized and opened near each fetus, and a blood sample was collected from each fetus. The uterine horn was then surgically removed, and each fetus and placenta was weighed. All fetal blood samples were measured for hematocrit, red blood cell number, and hemoglobin. Erythropoietin and the percentages of nucleated cells and reticulocytes were also measured in blood samples from the largest and smallest living fetus in each litter. Fetal hematocrits were not affected by treatment. Blood cell counts were greater (P < 0.01) in fetuses of Meishan gilts than in White crossbred intact or UHO gilts. Hemoglobin was less (P < 0.01) in fetuses of Meishan gilts than in fetuses of White crossbred intact or UHO gilts. The percentages of nucleated (immature) cells and reticulocytes were both less (P < 0.01) in fetuses of Meishan intact gilts. Erythropoietin was also lower (P < 0.01) in fetuses of Meishan gilts. As observed previously, fetal weight was correlated (r = 0.38; P < 0.01) with blood hemoglobin concentration. These results confirm that fetal erythropoiesis in Meishan gilts is accelerated compared with White crossbred gilts. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that faster blood cell development could be beneficial to fetal survival in swine.
Authors:
J L Vallet; H G Klemcke; R K Christenson; P L Pearson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-09-12     Completed Date:  2004-01-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2352-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA, ARS, Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933, USA. vallet@email.marc.usda.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Breeding
Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism
Embryonic and Fetal Development / physiology*
Erythrocyte Count / veterinary
Erythropoiesis*
Female
Fetal Blood / metabolism*
Gestational Age
Hemoglobins / analysis
Litter Size
Pregnancy
Swine / embryology,  genetics,  physiology*
Uterus / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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