Document Detail

The effect of bleomycin on rapidly proliferating epidermis. A comparative investigation using micro-flow fluorometry, H3Tdr incorporation and a stathmokinetic method (colcemid).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  54977     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
At different time intervals after injection of Bleomycin (BLM) th effect on several kinetic parameters of the hairless mouse epidermis stimulated to proliferate by previous adhesive tape stripping was measured. Micro-flow fluorometry was used to determine the relative number of cells in the various phases of the cell cycle (G1, S and G2). Tritiated thymidine was used to determine labelling indices and grain counts. Colcemid was used to observe the mitotic rate. An initial decrease followed by a subsequent significant increase compared to the non-BLM-treated controls was observed in all parameters studied except the mitotic rate, which remained lower than in the control animals during all 48 hours. The transit time of the cells through the S-phase was initially slightly prolonged, but thereafter it seemed to be shorter than that of the controls. BLM seems to provoke a partial blocking of cells in the G1 phase. When the block is released, a greater number of cells pass through the S phase in partial synchrony at a higher than normal speed. BLM induced a low mitotic rate which remained below the level of that of the normal animals after stripping, even though there obviously was a considerably higher influx of cells from the S phase to the G2 phase. This resulted in a subsequent accumulation of cells in the G2-phase. Thus, BLM has also a blocking effect on the G2-M boundary of the cell cycle. This inhibitory effect of BLM on the mitotic rate was shown to be independent of the effect of BLM on the DNA synthesis. BLM therefore seems to have complex influence on epidermal cell kinetics in vivo. Cells in G1-phase are partially and transiently blocked, but this block is soon released. These cells thereafter pass through the S-phase and pile up in the G2-phase, because BLM also blocks the passage of cells from the G2-phase to mitosis. The overall reduction in cell proliferation seen after BLM in vivo seems mainly to be due to the effect on the G2-M boundray of the cell cycle.
O P Clausen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Virchows Archiv. B: Cell pathology     Volume:  19     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Virchows Arch B Cell Pathol     Publication Date:  1975 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-03-20     Completed Date:  1976-03-20     Revised Date:  2014-07-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0437105     Medline TA:  Virchows Arch B Cell Pathol     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  337-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bleomycin / pharmacology*
DNA / biosynthesis
Mice, Nude
Mitosis / drug effects*
Skin / drug effects*
Skin Physiological Phenomena
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
11056-06-7/Bleomycin; 9007-49-2/DNA; Z01IVE25KI/Demecolcine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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