Document Detail


The effect of beta-adrenergic blockade on leg blood flow with repeated maximal contractions of the triceps surae muscle group in man.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1973386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of beta-adrenergic blockade on torque output and leg blood flow was examined in seven healthy young men during repeated maximal isometric voluntary contractions of the triceps surae muscle group. Exercise was performed in either a bent- or straight-leg position during each of four drug treatments: placebo, propranolol, metoprolol, oxprenolol. Contractions were sustained for 5 s with 5 s relaxation for a total of 10 min followed by a 10-min recovery. Leg blood flow was measured during the 5 s relaxation separating contractions using strain gauge plethysmography. Torque output decreased during the 10-min contractions with no differences between the four drug treatments. Leg blood flow was lower with beta-blockade during the initial stages of exercise and recovery in the bent-leg position but no differences were observed after 3 min exercise or recovery. Leg blood flow in the straight-leg position was not different between any of the four drug treatments, but it was significantly less than in bent-leg exercise. The lower blood flows during the initial stages of exercise in the beta-blocked conditions probably reflect a slowing of the central cardiovascular response because of beta 1-receptor blockade of the heart rather than on the beta 2-receptors effects on peripheral vascular resistance. It is concluded that local vasodilator substances released from the working muscle may play a more important role than beta 2-receptor stimulation of smooth muscle in skeletal muscle resistance vessels in regulating local muscle blood flow during maximal exercise of the triceps surae muscle group.
Authors:
J M Kowalchuk; C S Klein; R L Hughson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1990  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-08-20     Completed Date:  1990-08-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  360-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / pharmacology*
Adult
Heart Rate / drug effects
Humans
Leg / blood supply*
Male
Metoprolol / pharmacology
Muscle Contraction*
Oxprenolol / pharmacology
Propranolol / pharmacology
Regional Blood Flow / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 37350-58-6/Metoprolol; 525-66-6/Propranolol; 6452-71-7/Oxprenolol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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