Document Detail


The effect of altered gravity states on the perception of orientation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19305984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We measured the effect of the orientation of the visual background on the perceptual upright (PU) under different levels of gravity. Brief periods of micro- and hypergravity conditions were created using two series of parabolic flights. Control measures were taken in the laboratory under normal gravity with subjects upright, right side down and supine. Participants viewed a polarized, natural scene presented at various orientations on a laptop viewed through a hood which occluded all other visual cues. Superimposed on the screen was a character the identity of which depended on its orientation. The orientations at which the character was maximally ambiguous were measured and the perceptual upright was defined as half way between these orientations. The visual background affected the orientation of the PU less when in microgravity than when upright in normal gravity and more when supine than when upright in normal gravity. A weighted vector sum model was used to quantify the relative influence of the orientations of gravity, vision and the body in determining the perceptual upright.
Authors:
Richard T Dyde; Michael R Jenkin; Heather L Jenkin; James E Zacher; Laurence R Harris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2009-03-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  194     ISSN:  1432-1106     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-09     Completed Date:  2009-05-11     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  647-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Cues
Female
Gravity, Altered*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Orientation*
Perception
Photic Stimulation
Posture
Proprioception*
Psychophysics
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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