Document Detail

The effect of adaptive iterative dose reduction on image quality in 320-detector row CT coronary angiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22253355     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of adaptive iterative dose reduction (AIDR) on image noise and image quality as compared with standard filtered back projection (FBP) in 320-detector row CT coronary angiography (CTCA).
METHODS: 50 patients (14 females, mean age 68 ± 9 years) who underwent CTCA (100 kV or 120 kV, 400-580 mA) within a single heartbeat were enrolled. Studies were reconstructed with FBP and subsequently AIDR. Image noise, vessel contrast and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in the coronary arteries were evaluated. Overall image quality for coronary arteries was assessed using a five-point scale (1, non-diagnostic; 5, excellent).
RESULTS: All the examinations were performed in a single heartbeat. Image noise in the aorta was significantly lower in data sets reconstructed with AIDR than in those reconstructed with FBP (21.4 ± 3.1 HU vs 36.9 ± 4.5 HU; p<0.001). No significant differences were observed between FBP and AIDR for the mean vessel contrast (HU) in the proximal coronary arteries. Consequently, CNRs in the proximal coronary arteries were higher in the AIDR group than in the FBP group (p<0.001). The mean image quality score was improved by AIDR (3.75 ± 0.38 vs 4.24 ± 0.38; p<0.001).
CONCLUSION: The use of AIDR reduces image noise and improves image quality in 320-detector row CTCA.
F Tatsugami; M Matsuki; G Nakai; Y Inada; S Kanazawa; Y Takeda; H Morita; H Takada; S Yoshikawa; K Fukumura; Y Narumi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article     Date:  2012-01-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of radiology     Volume:  85     ISSN:  1748-880X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Radiol     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-20     Completed Date:  2012-10-01     Revised Date:  2013-08-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373125     Medline TA:  Br J Radiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e378-82     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Radiology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki City, Osaka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Body Mass Index
Clinical Protocols
Coronary Angiography / methods*,  standards
Coronary Artery Disease / radiography*
Heart Rate
Middle Aged
Multidetector Computed Tomography / methods*,  standards
Observer Variation
Radiation Dosage
Signal-To-Noise Ratio

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