Document Detail


The effect of acute aerobic and resistance exercise on working memory.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19276839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The goal of this investigation was to assess the influence of acute bouts of aerobic versus resistance exercise on the executive control of working memory. METHODS: Twenty-one young adult participants completed a cardiorespiratory fitness test and maximal strength tests. On subsequent days, task performance measures of reaction time (RT) and accuracy were collected while participants completed a modified Sternberg working memory task before the start of, immediately after, and 30 min after an intervention consisting of 30 min of either resistance or aerobic exercise and a seated rest control. RESULTS: Findings indicated shorter RT immediately and 30 min after acute aerobic exercise relative to the preexercise baseline with no such effects observed after resistance exercise or seated rest. Further, in the aerobic condition, a larger reduction in RT from the baseline occurred during task conditions requiring increased working memory capacity. Again, no effect was observed in the resistance exercise or the seated rest conditions. CONCLUSION: These data extend the current knowledge base by indicating that acute exercise-induced changes in cognition are disproportionately related to executive control and may be specific to the aerobic exercise domain.
Authors:
Matthew B Pontifex; Charles H Hillman; Bo Fernhall; Kelli M Thompson; Teresa A Valentini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-20     Completed Date:  2009-07-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  927-34     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL 61801, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cognition*
Exercise / psychology*
Female
Humans
Illinois
Memory*
Physical Fitness
Reaction Time
Task Performance and Analysis*
Weight Lifting / psychology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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