Document Detail

The effect of an active warm-up on surface EMG and muscle performance in healthy humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14551779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effect of an active warm-up on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), maximal instantaneous power output and surface EMG (sEMG) parameters was studied. Eight volunteers [mean (SD) 22 (4) years] completed two trials on the same day, one control (CO), and the other preceded by an active cycling warm-up (WU) at 70% ventilatory threshold determined by the ventilatory equivalent method. Quadriceps muscle temperature, measured from vastus lateralis with a flexible thermistor, was 33.8 (0.4) degrees C in CO compared to 36.8 (0.5) degrees C in WU ( P<0.05). Aural temperature, measured by an infrared tympanic thermistor, was not different between conditions. Experimental trials consisted of three knee-extension maximum voluntary contractions at a 90 degree angle with simultaneous recording of sEMG from the vastus lateralis, followed by three squat jumps performed on a force platform. SEMGs were analysed in the frequency domain as median frequency (MDF) and in the time domain as root mean square (RMS). MDF was 59.2 (14.1) Hz in CO compared to 67.2 (11.8) Hz in WU ( P<0.05), while RMS was higher in CO compared to WU [0.65 (0.28) mV vs. 0.56 (0.19) mV; P<0.05]. MVC was not different [465.7 (107.6) N vs. 490.1 (117.2) N], whilst instantaneous power output during the squat jump was significantly higher in the WU trial [3324 (866) W vs. 3569 (919) W; P<0.05]. These data show MDF to be altered with an active warm-up, which would relate to a greater conduction velocity. This may translate into faster activation of the muscle fibres, thus partly explaining the increase in power output.
David Stewart; Andrea Macaluso; Giuseppe De Vito
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2003-02-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-10     Completed Date:  2003-11-19     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  509-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Applied Physiology Group, Strathclyde Institute for Biomedical Science, University of Strathclyde, 76 Southbrae Drive, G13 1PP Glasgow, Scotland.
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MeSH Terms
Body Temperature / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Hot Temperature
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Skin Temperature / physiology

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