Document Detail


The effect of an abdominal muscle training program on intra-abdominal pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7939496     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of 10 weeks' specific abdominal strength training (resisted trunk rotations) on intra-abdominal pressure was investigated in 10 healthy males. Isometric rotational force, trunk flexor and extensor torque and intra-abdominal pressure were measured as well as intra-abdominal pressure responses to Valsalva manoeuvres, maximal pulsed pressures, drop jumps and trunk perturbations. The rotational strength increased 29.7% after training without significant change in intra-abdominal pressure. The isometric flexor strength did not change, while the extensor strength increased 11.0%. Valsalva and pulsed pressures increased 11.6 and 9.2%, respectively. The rate of intra-abdominal pressure development during pulsed pressures, drop jumps and trunk perturbations increased after training. The level of intra-abdominal pressure during the latter two tasks remained unchanged. It is concluded that an increase in strength of the trunk rotators with training improves the ability to generate higher levels of voluntarily induced intra-abdominal pressure and increases the rate of intra-abdominal pressure development during functional situations.
Authors:
A G Cresswell; P L Blake; A Thorstensson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0036-5505     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Rehabil Med     Publication Date:  1994 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-08     Completed Date:  1994-11-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0212503     Medline TA:  Scand J Rehabil Med     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdomen / physiology
Abdominal Muscles / physiology*
Adult
Exercise / physiology*
Humans
Male
Pressure
Weight Lifting / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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