Document Detail


The effect of (15)N to (14)N ratio on nitrification, denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22279019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
RATIONALE: Earlier experiments demonstrated that isotopic effects during nitrification, denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction can be affected by high (15) N contents. These findings call into question whether the reaction parameters (rate constants and Michaelis-Menten concentrations) are function of δ(15) N values, and if these can also lead to significant effects on the bulk reaction rate.
METHODS: Five experiments at initial δ(15) N-NO(3) (-) values ranging from 0‰ to 1700‰ were carried out in a recent study using elemental analyser, gas chromatography, and mass spectrometry techniques coupled at various levels. These data were combined here with kinetic equations of isotopologue speciation and fractionation. Our approach specifically addressed the combinatorial nature of reactions involving labeled atoms and explicitly described substrate competition and time-dependent isotopic effects.
RESULTS: With the method presented here, we determined with relatively high accuracy that the reaction rate constants increased linearly up to 270% and the Michaelis-Menten concentrations decreased linearly by about 30% over the tested δ(15) N-NO(3) (-) values. Because the parameters were found to depend on the (15) N enrichment level, we could determine that increasing δ(15) N-NO(3) (-) values caused a decrease in bulk nitrification, denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction rates by 50% to 60%.
CONCLUSIONS: We addressed a method that allowed us to quantify the effect of substrate isotopic enrichment on the reaction kinetics. Our results enable us to reject the assumption of constant reaction parameters. The implications of δ-dependent (variable) reaction parameters extend beyond the study-case analysed here to all instances in which high and variable isotopic enrichments occur.
Authors:
Fiona H M Tang; Federico Maggi
Related Documents :
17020349 - Total synthesis of (-)-5,6,11-trideoxytetrodotoxin and its 4-epimer.
19847339 - Biogenetically inspired syntheses of alkaloid natural products.
23768139 - Relaxation of porcine retinal arterioles during acute hypoxia in vitro depends on prost...
17602529 - Stereoselective formal total synthesis of (+)-methynolide.
21287459 - Effects of alpha- tocopherol on the velocity of low density lipoprotein oxidation by cu...
20670039 - Biomimetic total synthesis of (+)-chabranol.
12164209 - Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of some 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives.
22532479 - A highly stable anode, carbon-free, catalyst support based on tungsten trioxide nanoclu...
20356209 - Synthesis of mesoporous alumina from boehmite in the presence of triblock copolymer.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1097-0231     ISO Abbreviation:  Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-26     Completed Date:  2012-03-12     Revised Date:  2012-08-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802365     Medline TA:  Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  430-42     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
School of Civil Engineering, The University of Sydney, 2006, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2012 Jul 30;26(14):1639-40   [PMID:  22693120 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Identification of isobaric amino-sulfonamides without prior separation.
Next Document:  Formation and ionization energies of small chlorine-doped lithium clusters by thermal ionization mas...