Document Detail

The economics of food fortification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16549479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper summarizes some of the literature on the cost effectiveness and cost benefit of food fortification with selected micronutrients most relevant for developing countries. Micronutrients covered include iron, iodine, vitamin A, and zinc. The main focus is on commercial fortification, although home fortification and biofortification are mentioned. Fortification with iron, vitamin A, and zinc averts significant numbers of infant and child deaths and is a very attractive preventive health-care intervention. Fortification with iron, iodine, and potentially zinc provides significant economic benefits and the low unit cost of food fortification ensures large benefit:cost ratios, with effects via cognition being very important for iron and iodine. Fortification will not reach all individuals and is most attractive as an investment where there is a convenient food vehicle, where processing is more centralized, and where either the deficiency is widespread or the adverse effects are very costly even though only a small group is affected.
Sue Horton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  136     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-21     Completed Date:  2006-05-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1068-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3C5, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Developing Countries
Food, Fortified / economics*
Vitamin A
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Micronutrients; 11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 7439-89-6/Iron; 7440-66-6/Zinc; 7553-56-2/Iodine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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