Document Detail


The ecological future of the North American bison: conceiving long-term, large-scale conservation of wildlife.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18402580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Many wide-ranging mammal species have experienced significant declines over the last 200 years; restoring these species will require long-term, large-scale recovery efforts. We highlight 5 attributes of a recent range-wide vision-setting exercise for ecological recovery of the North American bison (Bison bison) that are broadly applicable to other species and restoration targets. The result of the exercise, the "Vermejo Statement" on bison restoration, is explicitly (1) large scale, (2) long term, (3) inclusive, (4) fulfilling of different values, and (5) ambitious. It reads, in part, "Over the next century, the ecological recovery of the North American bison will occur when multiple large herds move freely across extensive landscapes within all major habitats of their historic range, interacting in ecologically significant ways with the fullest possible set of other native species, and inspiring, sustaining and connecting human cultures." We refined the vision into a scorecard that illustrates how individual bison herds can contribute to the vision. We also developed a set of maps and analyzed the current and potential future distributions of bison on the basis of expert assessment. Although more than 500,000 bison exist in North America today, we estimated they occupy <1% of their historical range and in no place express the full range of ecological and social values of previous times. By formulating an inclusive, affirmative, and specific vision through consultation with a wide range of stakeholders, we hope to provide a foundation for conservation of bison, and other wide-ranging species, over the next 100 years.
Authors:
Eric W Sanderson; Kent H Redford; Bill Weber; Keith Aune; Dick Baldes; Joel Berger; Dave Carter; Charles Curtin; James Derr; Steve Dobrott; Eva Fearn; Craig Fleener; Steve Forrest; Craig Gerlach; C Cormack Gates; John E Gross; Peter Gogan; Shaun Grassel; Jodi A Hilty; Marv Jensen; Kyran Kunkel; Duane Lammers; Rurik List; Karen Minkowski; Tom Olson; Chris Pague; Paul B Robertson; Bob Stephenson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1523-1739     ISO Abbreviation:  Conserv. Biol.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-11     Completed Date:  2008-06-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882301     Medline TA:  Conserv Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  252-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY 10460, USA. esanderson@wcs.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bison*
Conservation of Natural Resources / methods*
Demography
Ecosystem*
North America
Population Dynamics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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